About the Journal
International Conference on Engineering (ICONE): Architectural Support of
Heritage, Culture, and Sustainable Development
Architecture is a part of tangible and intangible heritage and culture. It provides crucial information on the physical artifacts produced and maintained for the upcoming generations. The heritage and culture are parts of society and proofs of human creativity since these were not built in the era of technology. The main factors which the heritage and culture significance may rest in their tangible attributes, including physical location, their associated landscape and setting, design, construction systems, and technical equipment, fabric, esthetic quality and use, and/or in their intangible values, including historic, social, scientific or spiritual associations or creative genius. The present thematic collection of scientific articles was compiled on the basis of the results of the 1st International Conference on Engineering (ICONE): Architectural Support of Heritage, Culture, and Sustainable Development held virtually on November, 28 2020. ICONE 2020 was jointly organized by the Faculty of Engineering of Universitas Tunas Pembangunan together with the university’s International Office and Directorate of Research and Community Service. This event is also a joint hand of Indonesian Diaspora Network United (IDN-U), Lincoln University College (Malaysia), Universidade Da Paz (Timor Leste), and Nueva Ecija University of Science and Technology (the Philippines). Scholars from Indonesia, Malaysia, South Korea, and the United States took part in this first conference in the plenary session as well as the parallel session. This conference aims at bringing together prominent academic scientists, researchers, and research scholars to exchange and share their experiences and research results on all aspects of architectural support, cultural heritage, and sustainable development. It also affords foremost interdisciplinary dais for researchers, practitioners and educators to present and discuss the most recent innovations, trends, and concerns as well as practical challenges encountered and solutions adopted in the aforementioned arena. We hope that the collection of articles of the 1st ICONE 2020 will contribute to the development of fundamental science in the fields of architectural support, cultural heritage, and sustainable development. We extend our deepest appreciation for all organizing staff, resource persons: Prof. Dr. Ir. Tresna P. Soemardi, M.S., Prof. Ir. Wiendu Nuryanti, M. Arch., Ph. D., Asst. Prof. Dr. Tri Hartanto, S.T., M.Sc., Prof. Herry Utomo, Ph.D., Assoc. Prof. Ar. Dr. Mohd. Farid Mohamed, and Prof. Dong-Seong Kim, Ph.D. Moreover, a gratitude address to the whole advisory committee Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ir. Sapto Priyadi, M.P., Assoc. Prof. Dr. Teguh Santoso, M. Pd., Assoc. Prof. Ir. Danarti Karsono, M.P., and Assoc. Prof. Dr. R. Soelistijono, M.P as well as all the reviewers Kukuh Kurniawan Dwi Sungkono, M. Arch., Ar. Gregorio L. Villaviza Jr. MSArch, Dr. Sandeep Poddar, Adolfo Freitas Bere, M.Sc.